Worth knowing

GOZ - Closed-loop economy

It's a production and consumption model that relies on sharing, borrowing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products for as long as possible. This extends the life cycle of products. In practice, this means keeping waste to a minimum. When a product's life cycle comes to an end, the raw materials and waste that come from it should stay in the economy, through recycling. They can be successfully reused, thus creating additional value.

ROP - Extended Producer Responsibility

A set of measures taken to ensure that introducers of products, including packaged products, bear either financial responsibility or financial and organizational responsibility at the life cycle stage of the product when it becomes waste.


Means any recovery process by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances used for the original purpose or other purposes. This includes the reprocessing of organic material, but does not include energy recovery and reprocessing into materials to be used as fuels or for pit filling purposes.

Chemical recycling

is the term for a group of technologies that enable mixed and/or contaminated plastic waste to be converted into materials with properties identical to virgin plastics. Chemical recycling processes produce recyclates from difficult-to-recycle plastic waste, which are ideal for demanding end-uses such as food contact materials, medical applications or products with high safety requirements (e.g., for automotive use). Achieving such properties is not always possible with mechanical recycling.
Types of recycling

Forms of recovery

Polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride


High-Density Polyethylene and Low-Density Polyethylene


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