Framework Directive 2008/98/EC on waste and repealing certain other directive obligates the Member States to take all necessary measures, which are designed to build a European recycling society with a high level of resource efficiency.
"Member States shall take measures to promote high-quality recycling and, to this end, shall set up separate collections of waste where technically, environmentally and economically practicable and appropriate to meet the necessary quality standards for the relevant recycling sectors" [Article 11]
The directive lays down the hierarchy of dealing with waste, indicating that recycling is the most preferred method of disposal whenever it is not possible to prevent the emergence of waste or prepare it to be reused.
The current policy of the European Commission in the field of waste focuses on adapting EU legislation to the implementation of the principles of the circular economy.
What is a circular economy ?
The concept of a circular economy places great emphasis on the reuse, repair, restoration, and recycling of materials and products. In this view, what was previously considered waste, can again be turned into resources.
Recycling is an essential element in building the circular economy in Europe. The processed waste once again becomes a raw material which can be used for production.
Strengthening the recycling industry will exert a direct impact on the implementation as well as the fulfilment of the demands of the circular economy in Poland and in Europe.