Hierarchy of waste management

Framework Directive 2008/98/EC on waste and repealing certain other directive obligates the Member States to take all necessary measures, which are designed to build a European recycling society with a high level of resource efficiency.

This directive:

  • defines recycling as any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original purpose or other purposes;
  • imposes on the Member States the following obligations:

"Member States shall take measures to promote high-quality recycling  and, to this end, shall set up separate collections of waste where technically, environmentally and economically practicable and appropriate to meet the necessary quality standards for the relevant recycling sectors" [Article 11]

The directive lays down the hierarchy of dealing with waste, indicating that recycling is the most preferred method of disposal whenever it is not possible to prevent the emergence of waste or prepare it to be reused.

Scheme of circulation economy

The current policy of the European Commission in the field of waste focuses on adapting EU legislation to the implementation of the principles of the circular economy.

What is a circular economy ?

The concept of a circular economy places great emphasis on the reuse, repair, restoration, and recycling of materials and products. In this view, what was previously considered waste, can again be turned into resources.

The importance of the recycling industry in Poland and the European Union

Recycling is an essential element in building the circular economy in Europe. The processed waste once again becomes a raw material which can be used for production.

Strengthening the recycling industry will exert a direct impact on the implementation as well as the fulfilment of the demands of the circular economy in Poland and in Europe.

They are an essential link
in the functioning of the waste market
in the country and the EU
They contribute to the reduction
of waste disposal and the economical
use of primary raw materials
They generate economic growth
and contribute to the development
of the secondary commodity trading sector